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Book Cover
Author Matthiesen, Toby, 1984- author.

Title The Caliph and the Imam : the making of Sunnism and Shiism / Toby Matthiesen.

Publication Info. New York : Oxford University Press, [2023]


Location Call No. Status
 GDL Central Library Non-Fiction  New Shelf  297.8042 MAT    DUE 12-26-23
1 copy being processed for GDL Central Library Non-Fiction.
Description xii, 926 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 25 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 731-900) and index.
Summary In 632, soon after the Prophet Muhammad died, a struggle broke out among his followers as to who would succeed him. Most Muslims argued that the leader of Islam should be elected by the community's elite and rule as Caliph. They would later become the Sunnis. Others--who would become known as the Shia--believed that Muhammad had designated his cousin and son-in-law Ali as his successor, and that henceforth Ali's offspring should lead as Imams. This dispute over who should guide Muslims, the Caliph or the Imam, marks the origin of the Sunni-Shii split in Islam. Toby Matthiesen explores this hugely significant division from its origins to the present day. Moving chronologically, his book sheds light on the many ways that it has shaped the Islamic world, outlining how over the centuries Sunnism and Shiism became Islam's two main branches, and how Muslim Empires embraced specific sectarian identities. Focussing on connections between the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East, it reveals how colonial rule and the modern state institutionalised sectarian divisions and at the same time led to pan-Islamic resistance and Sunni and Shii revivalism. It then focuses on the fall-out from the 1979 revolution in Iran and the US-led military intervention in Iraq. As Matthiesen shows, however, though Sunnism and Shiism have had a long and antagonistic history, most Muslims have led lives characterised by confessional ambiguity and peaceful co-existence. Tensions arise when sectarian identity becomes linked to politics.
Contents Prologue: From Karbala to Damascus -- Part I. The formation of Sunnism and Shiism, 632-1500. After the Prophet ; Sunni reassertion and the Crusades ; Polemics and confessional ambiguity -- Part II. The shaping of Musli empires, 1500-1800. The age of confessionalisation ; Muslim dynasties on the Indian subcontinent ; Reform and reinvention in the eighteenth century -- Part III. Empire and the state, 1800-1979. British India and orientalism ; Ottoman reorganisation and European intervention ; The mandates ; The Musli response -- Part IV. Revolution and rivalry, 1979-. The religion of martyrdom ; Export and containment of revolution ; Regime change ; The arab uprisings -- Conclusion: Every place is Karbala.
Subject Muḥammad, Prophet, -632 -- Death and burial.
ʻĀʼishah, approximately 614-678.
ʻAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, Caliph, approximately 600-661.
Islam -- History.
Shīʻah -- Relations -- Sunnites.
Sunnites -- Relations -- Shīʻah.
ISBN 0190689463

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