Includes bibliographical references (p. 241-256) and index.
"Every colored man is the victim": race and the right to be heard in California's courts, 1851-1872 -- The apostasy of Henry Huntley Haight: race, reconstruction, and the return of democracy in California, 1865-1870 -- "The most satanic hate": racial segregation and reconstruction in California schools -- "Wa Shing and his tireless fellows": Chinese laundries and the reconstruction of the Chinese race -- "The Chinese must go!": the twin careers of exclusion and expulsion.
As historian D. Michael Bottoms shows in An Aristocracy of Color, many white Californians saw in this and other Reconstruction legislation a threat to the fragile racial hierarchy they had imposed on the state's legal system during the 1850s. But nonwhite Californians -- blacks and Chinese in particular -- recognized an unprecedented opportunity to reshape the state's race relations. Drawing on court records, political debates, and eyewitness accounts, Bottoms brings to life the monumental battle that followed.